HERITAGE| The Shenandoahs
The “USS SHENANDOAH (AD 44)” oil painting was commissioned by the ship’s sponsor, Frances Hammond Claytor, and her husband, the former Secretary of the Navy, W. Graham Claytor, Jr. The painting was presented to the newly appointed Prospective Commanding Officer (PCO), Captain T. M. McNicholas, Jr. during (AD 44)’s official launching ceremony. The painting was later mounted to a bulkhead within the Captain’s Cabin for proud display.
There have been five Navy ships named Shenandoah:
two steamer sloops;
the US Navy’s first airship (ZR 1); and
two destroyer tenders.
Below are their stories…
The first USS Shenandoah was a sloop, launched at the Philadelphia Navy Yard on 08 December 1862 and commissioned on 20 June 1863. Displacing 1,375 tons, and 225 feet long, she spent the next 18 months cruising off the East Coast searching and engaging Confederate raiders.
In December, she moved just off Fort Fisher, Wilmington, NC. She distinguished herself in the ensuing bombardment of the fort until it fell to the largest amphibious operation prior to those held in WW-II.
She later saw service with the Asiatic Squadron and surveyed several Japanese and Chinese ports. She also saw service with the European Squadron, the South American squadron, and once again in the Asiatic Squadron, until her decommissioning at Mare Island, California, on 23 October 1886.
During the Civil War, the Confederate Navy also had a ship named SHENANDOAH. She was sailed from a British port and outfitted at sea as a steam sloop under LT J. T. Waddell, CSN. CSS SHENANDOAH’s mission was to destroy Northern commerce.
She headed for the Cape of Good Hope to prey on merchantmen and whalers. She took six prizes in the area. Melbourne, Australia was among her ports of call and, after provisioning in January 1865, she took more prizes off the Kurile islands.
Sailing north into Bering Sea, the crew learned of Lee’s surrender from a prize, but continued hostilities near the Arctic Circle.
On 2 August, nearly six months after the war, a British barque confirmed the war’s end. LT Waddell surrendered SHENANDOAH in Liverpool, England, on 6 November, ending the ship’s extraordinary career.
USS Shenandoah (ZR 1)
The airship SHENANDOAH (ZR-1), the first of four rigid, lighter-than-air craft to be designed and built by the U.S. Navy, was 680 feet long, and capable of attaining a speed of 60 knots.
Built at the Naval Aircraft Factory, Philadelphia, SHENANDOAH was christened on 10 October 1923. It developed the U.S. Navy’s experience with rigid airships and made the first crossing of North America by airship.
After being damaged by a storm in January 1924, she reported to the Atlantic Scouting Fleet in August and took part in highly successful tactical exercises.
On 2 September 1925, SHENANDOAH departed Lakehurst on her 57th flight to New Jersey, and in a heavy weather squall line over Ohio on 3 September, the airship was destroyed. More info…
SHENANDOAH (ZR-1) Documentary
USS Shenandoah (AD 26)
The fourth SHENANDOAH (AD-26) was an 11,755-ton destroyer tender. She was commissioned on 13 August 1945 and, like us, sailed to the East Coast for duty.
She tended her charges at various ports up and down the East Coast until deploying for duty with the Sixth Fleet in the Mediterranean.
SHENANDOAH’s rescue of the crew of a sinking merchantman won her recognition in 1964.
Battle efficiency pennants and many departmental “E’s” were among her honors. She was decommissioned on 1 April 1980.
USS Shenandoah (AD 44)